Drone assesses Christchurch Cathedral earthquake damage Posted on: July 7, 2016 2:10 PM A still image from a video producced by a drone camera inside New Zealand’s Christchurch Cathedral showing damaged caused by the February 2011 earthquake. Staff were grateful that they did not have to employ triage, but were able to deal with all patients. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. The damage in Christchurch was far more substantial than the damage caused in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months before. The September earthquake happen… [24] The acceleration occurred mainly in a vertical direction,[16] with eyewitness accounts of people being tossed into the air. [224][225] The Super Rugby Round 2 match between the Crusaders and Hurricanes scheduled for 26 February 2011 at Westpac Stadium in Wellington was abandoned. Christchurch, the country’s second largest city, suffered widespread damage, particularly in the central city and eastern suburbs. This boundary moves the plates side by side, which causes land forms to slide past each other, however land is not created nor destroyed, it is pressed against each other and moved. An additional 28 people were killed in various places across the city centre, and twelve were killed in suburban Christchurch. [179], Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper released a statement saying: "The thoughts and prayers of Canadians are with all those affected by the earthquake. M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011. The Earthquake had a magnitude of 6.3 and an epicentre of 43.58°S, 172.68°E. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). [229] The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed,[229] while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. Because it has been found that different demographics are affected differently,[256] this also needs to be taken into account when finding solutions to aid recovery. EQC chief executive Ian Simpson said that the $4 billion cap for each earthquake is unlikely to be exceeded by the costs of residential building and land repairs, so $3 billion would be left in the EQC's Natural Disaster Fund after payouts. [159], The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1 pm, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05. [193], A national memorial service was held on 18 March at North Hagley Park, coinciding with a one-off provincial holiday for Canterbury, which required the passing of the Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011 to legislate. ... Earthquakes can cause sections of earth to liquefy and push up to the surface as watery silt. [95][96] Parts of Sumner were evacuated during the night of 22 February after cracks were noticed on a nearby hillside. [51], Damage occurred to many older buildings, particularly those with unreinforced masonry and those built before stringent earthquakes codes were introduced. Michael Daly 15:19, Jan 27 2012. Top: Divergent It was felt all over the South Island and in the lower part of the North Island. [136] On 1 March, it was announced that the New South Wales Government would be donating A$1 million (NZ$1.3 million[175]) to the victims of the Christchurch earthquake. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. [108], The earthquake combined with the urgency created by the unseasonably early break-up of sea ice on the Ross Ice Shelf caused logistical problems with the return of Antarctic summer season research operations from Scott Base and McMurdo Station in Antarctica to Christchurch. Posttraumatic stress symptoms in Police Staff 12–18 months after the Canterbury earthquakes. [236] Much of the NZ$90 million cost of the 2011 census was written off. Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti could not return to its central city buildings due to demolitions and it has no long term site. Different demographics may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help them recover from trauma. Whether it will be restored or demolished is yet to be decided. [168] Waste water and sewerage systems were severely damaged. 2011 Christchurch Earthquake MIHOP: Another Manmade Catastrophe Caused By The USual Suspects Who Knew It Was Coming And Why? More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. The fault that caused the quake cannot be seen from the surface, but it runs about 6 km south of the city centre. The earthquake's epicentre was at 43.58 degrees S and 172.68 degrees E, the devastating earthquake was caused by a hidden fault (Port Hills Fault) that had shifted. With limited water supplies for firefighting, a total fire ban was introduced, and the fire service brought in water tankers from other centres. Most of the damage was in areas surrounding the epicentres. SuperSealing were proven performers after successfully completing 2 work programs for the City. [201], On 29 March 2011, Prime Minister John Key and Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker announced the creation of the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) to manage the earthquake recovery, co-operating with the government, local councils and residents, under chief executive John Ombler. [172], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard on the earthquake. The court subsequently ruled in favour of Phillipstown and overturned the merger. Three RNZAF Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters were also used to transport Police, VIP's and aid to locations around Christchurch. The massive quake caused millions of dollars damage to Christchurch City, leaving many people homeless. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. [165], Generators were donated, and telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011 NZT. The largest was a 5.9-magnitude tremor which occurred just under two hours after the main earthquake. Christchurch Earthquake response. What caused the quake: plate movement between the Oceania (best name to describe the Australian plate without discriminating against anyone) & Antartica (yes it has it's own tectonic plate). Media releases. A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. 1.8 times the acceleration of gravity),[22] with the highest recording 2.2g, at Heathcote Valley Primary School,[3] a shaking intensity equivalent to MM X+. ", "Help for Christchurch businesses and workers after earthquake", "Painstaking work continues at devastated buildings", "1240 central Christchurch buildings demolished video", "Christchurch earthquake: Heartbreaking messages from buried daughter", "Christchurch quake toll 75, dozens missing", "Christchurch Earthquake: Workers trapped in crushed buildings", "Day 03 field report from the Christchurch 22 Feb 2011 6.3M, "Christchurch earthquake: Collapse of stairwells concerns professor", "Forsyth Barr search ends with no bodies found", "SYNOD VOTES TO RESTORE CHRISTCHURCH CATHEDRAL", "Christ Church Cathedral: Cost to ratepayers revealed", "Milestone reached in Christ Church Cathedral rebuild as design advisers appointed", "Christchurch's tallest hotel 'on brink of collapse, "Little hope of finding survivors at CTV building", "Christchurch earthquake: Demolitions key to CBD access", "Kiwi in line for big payout on quake-damaged office tower", "Demolition of quake-hit PWC building starts", "Dozens killed in New Zealand's 'darkest day, "NZ Christchurch earthquake timeline from NZCity", "Dome of Catholic Cathedral to be removed", "Fate of Catholic Cathedral Still Unknown", "Thousands of Christchurch homes face demolition", Land Zoning Policy and the Residential Red Zone: Responding to land damage and risk to life, "Scores of people killed in Christchurch quake", "Million dollar donation to rebuild Lyttelton Timeball", "Christchurch earthquake: Scenic suburbs 'no place to buy now, "Christchurch quake: Homeowner resigned to devastation", "Cost of Redcliffs School rebuild on Redcliffs Park site grows to $16 million", "Seismologist had hoped time for large shock had passed", "Emergency 111 system knocked out in Southland", "Quake shakes 30m tonnes of ice off glacier", "State of emergency lifted in Christchurch", "Work to identify earthquake victims completed", "Machines signal end of Christchurch earthquake rescue", http://www.police.govt.nz/sites/default/files/publications/christchurch-earthquake-fatalities-locations-map.pdf, "Origins clarified by various NZ Herald victim reports", "Christchurch quake: Emergency Cabinet meeting", "New Zealand Red Cross 2011 Earthquake Appeal", "Christchurch Art Gallery built to highest standard", "Death toll at 75, national emergency declared", "Brownlee to focus solely on quake recovery", "Names of two further victims released in Christchurch Earthquake", "Australian Police contingent to assist local police", "Aussies become NZ cops in quake-hit city", "Police pay tribute to Australian contingent leaving Christchurch", "Aussie police to help stop looting in Christchurch", "Thai DVI team arrives to assist in identifying Christchurch quake victims", "Christchurch earthquake: Search teams leaving no stone unturned", "DPM Teo Offers Assistance in Response to the Earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand", "LA search-rescue heads to site of NZ quake", "LA County Team Preps for Deployment to New Zealand", "World races to aid New Zealand quake rescue", "Japanese search and rescue team races home", "Welsh firefighters join New Zealand earthquake rescue", "Taiwanese rescue team on way to New Zealand", "Christchurch Earthquake: Extra Chinese workers boost foreign aid numbers", "Humanity Greater Than Any Act of Nature", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 6", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 8", "Territorial Force swaps trenching tools for shovels", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 5", "ED staff donated their blood to quake patients", "Patients flock to Australian temporary hospital", "Christchurch earthquake: Latest updates", "LandSAR volunteers join Christchurch relief operation", "Power transformer to be installed in eastern Chch suburbs", "Christchurch earthquake: Power restored to 82 percent of customers", "Default price-quality path annual compliance statement for the year ending 31 March 2012", "65 dead in devastating Christchurch quake", "Christchurch Earthquake: Fire ban in place for Canterbury", "Long wait for some without power, water", "Community Laundry Facilities Set Up Again for Christchurch", "Farmy Army puts away the shovels – for now", "A Job Well Done for Rangiora Earthquake Express", "Prime Minister of Australia – official website", "Strong earthquake strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing at least 65", "Pope joins international sympathy for NZ", "Media Advisory: Christchurch thanks Japanese search and rescue", "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the recent earthquake in New Zealand", "N.Z. Three RNZAF Beechcraft Super King Air aircraft were also used to evacuate people from Christchurch.

Abstract. Earth science information (data, knowledge, advice) can enhance the evidence base for land-use decision-making. In the 2010 earthquake, 180,000 claims were processed as opposed to the expected 130,000 claims for the 2011 aftershock. The EQC again covers all amounts above NZ$4 billion. [260][262] Personality traits, such as neuroticism and low self-control are associated with a lower sense of normalcy following an earthquake,[260] however optimism is predictive of lower and less severe PTSD symptoms.[260]. Since the fault movement that caused the earthquake did not visibly breach the Earth’s surface, scientists were reliant on measurements from a variety of instruments to determine the location and nature of the fault movements. [153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a 15-kilometre-long fault along the southern edge of the city, from Cashmere to the Avon–Heathcote estuary. [171] The "Rangiora Earthquake Express" provided over 250 tonnes of water, medical supplies, and food, including hot meals, from nearby Rangiora by helicopter and truck. A composite "Christchurch Response Centre" was established in the Christchurch Art Gallery, a modern earthquake-resilient building in the centre of the city which had sustained only minor damage. Many heritage buildings were given red stickers after inspections. The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, and many buildings were already weakened from the previous quakes. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. One P-3 Orion was deployed in the initial stages of the disaster to provide images and photographs of the city. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. Christchurch's strongest local earthquake in more than a year may have been generated by the same fault that caused the damaging Boxing Day quake in 2010. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. Bottom: Transform. [52] On 28 February 2011, the Prime Minister announced that there would be an inquiry into the collapse of buildings that had been signed off as safe after the previous earthquake on 4 September 2010, "to provide answers to people about why so many people lost their lives. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. The earthquake first er upted 5 km south-east of Christchurch at 12:51pm (local time 23:51:43 GMT) on the 22 of February 2011. The devastating earthquake that tore through Christchurch on Tuesday is the product of a new fault line in the Earth’s crust that seismologists were previously unaware of. Several aftershocks were reported, some registering at a 5.6 magnitude. [97] Three deaths were reported in the Sumner area, according to the Sumner Chief Fire Officer. It was followed by a large aftershock on 13 June (which caused considerable additional damage) and a series of large shocks on 23 December 2011. The earthquake’s epicentre was located some 25 miles (40 km) west of Christchurch near the town of Darfield, and the focus was located about 6 miles (10 km) beneath the surface. [194] Prince William, made a two-day trip to the country to tour the areas affected by the earthquake,[195] attended on the Queen's behalf and made an address during the service. However, there are some conspiracy theories out there suggesting there is more behind the quakes than we are told. Tremors continue to hit Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region, mostly centered around the small Canterbury town of Darfield. Government expressed its concern over the stalemate and appointed an independent negotiator and in September 2017, the Christchurch Diocesan Synod announced that ChristChurch Cathedral will be reinstated[67] after promises of extra grants and loans from local and central government. The earthquake had a magnitude of 6.3 on the Richter scale. Liquefaction is a process that temporarily turns firm ground into a liquid. Land around the fault, in the Port Hills, in Cashmere and in the seaside suburbs, rose, fell and slid. In the case of the Christchurch earthquakes, liquefaction and damage to buildings occurred. [105], At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. [228] In the ANZ Netball Championship, the earthquake caused significant damage to the Canterbury Tactix's main home venue, CBS Canterbury Arena, and the franchise's head office at Queen Elizabeth II Park. The Christchurch Earthquake (2011) Home; Causes ; Impacts ; Mitigation; References; Casualties, Damages and Other Effects. [222], New Zealand Cricket's offices were damaged by the earthquake. The fault slopes southward beneath the Port Hills and did not break the surface – scientists used instrument measurements to determine its location and movement. [157], Humanitarian support and welfare were provided by various agencies, in particular the New Zealand Red Cross[158] and the Salvation Army. [220][221], Christchurch was set to host five pool matches and two quarter finals of the 2011 Rugby World Cup. The cost of the rebuild is set to be $16 million. [11][12] According to GNS Science seismologists, the energy released in Christchurch was equivalent to a magnitude 6.7 earthquake. [166][167] Mains water supply was re-established to 70% of households within one week. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. Even though the February 2011 earthquake was smaller in magnitude than the September 2010 earthquake, its impact was much greater. At the sight of the Christchurch earthquake and other earthquakes worldwide, liquefaction can take place. Rescue efforts continued for over a week, then shifted into recovery mode. The earthquake in February 2011 occurred at 12:51 p.m. and just 10 kilometers (6 miles) … Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. On Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 there was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51pm. The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. [24], The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g[26] The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. (Which tectonic plates moved?) They started work immediately in a multi-agency response to the collapse of the CTV Building on Madras Street. Some government departments and church groups provided grants and assistance. [115], The nationalities of the deceased are as follows. 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