A Chinese version of a key text in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition, this Diamond Sutra—found among other manuscripts in a cave in Dunhuang—was printed from wooden blocks onto a scroll over 5m (16.4 ft.) long. The Vatican Library was founded in 1451 AD and holds over 80,000 manuscripts, prints, drawings, plates and incunabula (books printed prior to 1500 … In 1451, bibliophile Pope Nicholas V sought to establish a public library at the Vatican, in part to re-establish Rome as a destination for scholarship. [6], Every year about 6,000 new books are acquired.[6]. Melnikas was trying to sell the pages to an art dealer, who then alerted the librarian director. The Avignon period was during the Avignon Papacy, when seven successive popes resided in Avignon, France. [7] Around 1587, Pope Sixtus V commissioned the architect Domenico Fontana to construct a new building for the library, which is still used today. The oldest texts date back 1500 years. The Vatican Library is one of the world’s oldest and most secret. It is located in the Pius XII Library on the campus of Saint Louis University. Books using gold and silver in the illuminations require special scanning equipment. Today it contains around 75,000 codices and 85,000 incunabula (which Esparza defines as “editions made between the invention of the printing press and the 16th century”) amid a … The library is the direct heir of the first library of the Roman pontiffs. ROME Sept.13, 2010— -- The magnificent Vatican Library, one of the oldest and richest in the world, was unveiled today after a three year and $11.5 million restoration.. The Vatican Library is one of the World's great libraries. VATICAN CITY (CNN) -- It is home to 1.6 million books, centuries-old manuscripts and the oldest known complete Bible. In 1657, the manuscripts of the Dukes of Urbino were acquired. The texts enclosed are mostly early-Christian religious writings, such as non-canonical Gnostic texts and, most notably, the Gospel of Thomas. The Vatican Apostolic Archive was separated from the library at the beginning of the 17th century; it contains another 150,000 items. This codex is a quarto volume written in uncial letters of the fourth century, on … The History Channel will be presenting a show of the cumulative research efforts over the years done on the book. Its collection of Greek and Latin classics was at the center of the revival of classical culture during the Renaissance age. The Vatican Apostolic Library (Latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Italian: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly known as the Vatican Library or informally as the Vat,[1] is the library of the Holy See, located in Vatican City. A dubious inclusion, perhaps, on count of its doubted authenticity and non-bookish qualities (as well as the relevant scholarship’s continual Mormon references), this item is nonetheless something of a spectacular specimen. [39], The scanning of documents is impacted by the material used to produce the texts. [16], The Library closed for renovations on 17 July 2007[17] and reopened 20 September 2010. [16], Gospel of Matthew in Persian, the first Persian manuscript to enter the Vatican Library, Manuscript page with the five-voice "Kyrie" of the Missa Virgo Parens Christi by Jacques Barbireau, Mappamondo Borgiano, also known as "Tavola di Velletri", consisting of two copper tablets (1430), Month of May from in the Chronography of 354 by the 4th century kalligrapher Filocalus, Anton Raphael Mengs, The Triumph of History over Time (Allegory of the Museum Clementinum), ceiling fresco in the Camera dei Papiri, Vatican Library, Illumination from the legend of Sain Emerich of Hungary's, c. 1335, Battle between David and Goliath, Book of Psalms, c. 1059, The ivory panels from the back cover of Codex Aureus of Lorsch, The Vatican Secret Archives, located in Vatican City, is the central archive for all of the acts promulgated by the Holy See, as well as the state papers, correspondence, papal account books,[40] and many other documents which the church has accumulated over the centuries. Pope Clement XI sent scholars into the Orient to bring back manuscripts, and is generally accepted as the founder of the Oriental section.[7]. On 20 March 2014, the Holy See announced that NTT Data Corporation and the Library concluded an agreement to digitize approximately 3,000 of the Library's manuscripts within four years. A second version of this statue (c. 1930) stands under the entrance portico of the Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum.[a][21]. The Vatican's Hebrew texts include the oldest Hebrew codex – a manuscript bound as a book – in existence, and a copy of the entire Bible written in Italy around 1100.