Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. The first miracle of each had a startling resemblance. So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief ( Hebrews 3:15-19 ). The Jews said to Moses, "Who made thee a ruler and judge over us" (Exodus 2:14). Regarding the possibility of apostasy so forcibly mentioned here, it should be noted that the Bible nowhere authorizes any confidence to the contrary. There was a danger and it was happening that some of the Jews who had come out of Judaism and all of its traditions, they were beginning to slip back into Judaism, going back to the traditions. Hebrews: New Testament Commentary Series, by Ray C. Stedman. But Moses was angry. It was long centuries after God had built or established that house in which Moses served, that Jesus was born in Bethlehem; and the identification of Jesus in this verse as the builder of that house places him upon an equality with God. They don"t really enjoy the walk with the Lord as they should be enjoying it. We would have been better to have stayed in Egypt." Note how delicately the inspired writer defers to the deserved honor of Moses, whom he did not belittle or diminish in any way. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. Both offered themselves to die for Israel (Exodus 32:32; John 10:17). And with whom was he displeased forty years? Moses was sinful, Christ is sinless (Deuteronomy 32:51,52; Hebrews 4:15). The overwhelming power of the admonition delivered by the Holy Spirit in this paragraph is seen in the rules, or techniques laid down, by which a truly successful Christian life may be achieved and strengthened. That rest will be deeply detailed in the next chapter. Christ was rejected and crucified. They have not entered into the rest. They had begun so gloriously, led of God himself, seeing their enemies humbled by a series of shocking plagues, crossing the Red Sea on dry land, arming themselves from the wreckage of Pharaoh's drowned army, engaging in the most dramatic instantaneous exodus of all time, overcoming all obstacles, and singing the songs of triumph and victory; how could they have failed after all that? Moses unable to take them into God"s rest, whereas Jesus will bring us into God"s rest. The death of Christ is called "an exodus" (founded on Luke 9:31); Christ is the true Passover sacrifice for his people (1 Corinthians 5:7); he is the lamb without blemish and without spot (1 Peter 1:19); Christians during their probation are said to be, like Israel of old, "the church in the wilderness" (Acts 7:38); and, as Bruce pointed out: They do always err in their hearts; but they did not know my ways. The issue isn"t the deliverance from sin, the issue is the entering into the fullness that God has for you. The union of Christ and his members provides the entire foundation of their hope. [5] Clarence S. Roddy, The Epistle to the Hebrews (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1962), p. 41. [12] Albert Barnes, Notes on the New Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1963), Vol. Regarding the word "confidence," its rather broad meaning accentuates the unity of this verse with the statement in Hebrews 3:6, "glorying of our hope." For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end ( Hebrews 3:13-14 ); Again, the exhortation towards perseverance twice here in the text. c. Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness; Christ lifted himself upon the cross (John 3:14). The word wherefore immediately leads us back to that which is immediately preceding, and that is the declaration of the superiority of Jesus over the angels. Hebrews 3 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . A more detailed study of Moses the type and Jesus the antitype reveals both the similarities and the contrasts. The Book of Hebrews makes a great thing of obedience, affirming that even Christ was made perfect by it (Hebrews 5:8,9) and that the salvation he authored is "unto all them that obey him"; and also marking especially the obedience of so illustrious a person as Abraham (Hebrews 11:8). It is all pointing to Jesus. Chapter 3 In this chapter the apostle applies what he had said in the chapter foregoing concerning the priesthood of Christ, I. Both were sent to the children of Israel, Moses from Midian, and Christ from heaven. "I was angry." Moses' mission pertained only to Israel, Christ's, ultimately, to the "whole creation" (Mark 16:15). You represented Me as being angry and upset. For we are become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our confidence firm unto the end. (1) Some perhaps fail through natural timidity, but that is a weakness that should not be allowed to stand. As a result, the Jewish Christians who read this letter should see Christ as the ultimate example, and "hold fast" to faith in Him despite hard times. David, as the human instrument through whom the words came, is not mentioned; and thus the author of this epistle takes his place alongside other New Testament writers in making God the author of the Old Testament (2 Peter 1:21). And the simple question simply means that intelligence that has not been corrupted accepts the argument from design as truth; and the axiomatic nature of that truth was affirmed twice in the word of God: "The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God" (Psalms 14:1; 53:1). Every house has a builder, the cause and effect, and the builder of all things is God. Sin promises the transgressors happiness, only to plunge him in sorrow. (1a) Therefore: who we are in light of the previous paragraphs. And why today? Since this is a quotation from Psalms 95:7, it is possible the author means, "As long as the Bible says Today." "Why did you smite it?" ", "I wonder who built that house. It promises light, but submerges the soul in outer darkness. These words take up and illustrate the lesson of Psalms 95 which had just been quoted at length. The Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. Thus the warning in this place is dramatically intensified by an appeal to the historic disaster that prevented a whole generation from entering Canaan. (1-3) And in his superiority to all the holy angels. You"re going to stay here in the wilderness until you all die and your children for whom you feared, they will be the ones who will go in and take the land. [10] T. Brooks, The Biblical Illustrator (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1967), Hebrews, Vol. It"s the only reason I"ve been hanging around." 3 Jesus has been found worthy of greater honor than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. Strangely enough, both of these directives lean heavily toward self-help! While it is said, Today if you will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. So Paul is warning them . Wherefore, I was displeased with this generation, And said, They do always err in their heart: But they did not know my ways; As I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest. I can"t stand it. Also, in contrast, the Hebrew Christians, by their apostasy, would incur an even more terrible penalty in that they stood to forfeit heaven itself. Harden not your hearts is another admonition that affixes the responsibility and blame for hardness of heart upon the hardened himself. We can"t take the land. And so they wandered for forty years as an example of what happens when we, by our unbelief, fail to receive the promises of God. It is strongly to be feared that it is forsaken. Take heed, brethren, lest haply there should be in any one of you an evil heart of unbelief, in falling away from the living God. While it is said, Today if ye shall hear his voice, Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. But Christ is faithful as the Son over God’s house. (1) People have waited long enough already. ); and the apostle John saw an angel "having the seal of the living God" (Revelation 7:2). You can"t be serious." Unbelief Caused Their Fall. Is warning them to maintain their hope that they have come to in Christ and hold fast that confidence and the rejoicing of hope unto the end. It feints with the right and devastates with the left. The superior worth and dignity of Christ above Moses is shown. The second of these rules is in Hebrews 3:13; and it commands the entire Christian community, whether in the family, the congregation, or in other close and intimate contact, to "exhort one another day by day.". Moses gave to the people bread from heaven (Exodus 16:15); Christ gave the people loaves and fishes in the wilderness, a figure of him who is the Bread of Life (John 6:31,49ff). They did not believe God was able to bring them into the land. They sent spies into the land, of which ten came back with an evil report bringing fear into the hearts of the people, which ultimated in unbelief. … B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1965), p. 77. "Sorry, Moses." And what are those reasons? They haven"t entered into that full, rich, abundant life of the Spirit that God has promised unto us. [11] Charles Haddon Spurgeon, The Biblical Illustrator (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1967), p. 264. Both wrought many miracles, signs and wonders. , while it is called today ; lest any of you hebrews chapter 3 commentary hardened through the wilderness ; Christ the.... It ever correct to believe that God desires to dwell among hebrews chapter 3 commentary people interesting to! Us '' ( Revelation 7:2 ) what is popular produced by, nor does it depend upon... They '' hebrews chapter 3 commentary crazy, man. Spirit that God has for you day Atonement! Both were transfigured, Moses on Sinai ( Exodus 32:32 ; John 10:17 ) forcibly. 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