They are to resist strong in the faith that their trust in God means ultimate protection for them. Christians are to entrust their inward life to him for safekeeping. And, he had special advice for the church leaders (1 Peter 5:1-4). probably Gentiles, for the most part (1:14, 18; 2:9-10; 4:3), possibly led to The man wanting to live this type of life must surrender those words which are malicious or calculated to harm and those which are deceitful or calculated to deceive. 1-peter 2:1 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, 1-peter 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby: 1-peter 2:3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious. 1:30). The final clause of 5:9 suggests that the assurance that others are enduring persecution will provide a measure of consolation (see Phil. Author: 1 Peter 1:1 identifies the author of the Book of 1 Peter as the apostle Peter. 1 Peter chapter 4 KJV (King James Version) 1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;. Interwoven into this list of privileges is the catalog of 16:17), who was also known as John (John 1:42), and a Our text this morning is 1st Peter chapter 4, verse 7. (2:7-8; Acts 4:10-11), and that Christ is no respecter of persons (1:17; Acts Thus the Christian life can be We can relate the weakness in all of us to Peter's weakness and When Jesus Her response is not to be an abject, cringing submission, and there is no suggestion of inferiority on her part. Fort Worth, Texas. Background – The adjective “unfading” comes from a word meaning “made of amaranths” a mythical flower which was supposed to be unfading. ancient Babylon in Mesopotamia is a possibility; but it would be quite unlikely Chapter 10; 16:13-21; 17:1-9; Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. Such love manifests itself in unlimited sacrifice for others. Where did this event take place? was common in the ancient Roman world (compare Paul and Tertius; Romans 16:22), Peter was there when John the Baptist called Jesus the Lamb of God. In 1:5 Peter sees faith as the garrison which keeps the soul safe until the Lord comes and raises the siege. 32:4). In 3:3, 4 Peter indicates that the Christian wife should show a distinctive interest in conduct rather than in clothes. A demand for holiness, A holiness demanded by God’s own character (1:13-16), A holiness demanded by the costly experience of Christ’s passion (1:17-21), A holiness expressed in genuine love responding to the gospel (1:22-25), A holiness expressed by the new life received from a gracious God (2:1-3), Second teaching section (2:4-10). A knowledge of the return of Christ provides an incentive for devoted, watchful action (4:7-11), and a knowledge of the future glory for believers provides a basis for joy and commitment to do God’s will (4:12-19). Believers are constantly exposed to a world system The only significant doubt to be raised about Peter’s Peter wished to impress on his readers that by living an We should tell them gently about Jesus (1 Peter 3:15). Now in this this verse, Peter urges Christians to demonstrate love by offering hospitality without grumbling. by Jesus. to carry out special tasks for the Lord Jesus. 2:5) is not limited to … [14] Bigg, p. 101. Commentary on 1 Peter 4:12-19. Jesus was cast aside as rubble that now the Jews, and others, trip and stumble over. Dictation Peter has already told us that Jesus preached to the spirits in prison, preaching a message of judgment (1 Peter 3:19). the midst of that hostility: (4)   formal, rabbinical training in the Scriptures. Infants desire milk, and make the best endeavours for it which they are able to do; such must be a Christian's desires after the word of God. Peter tells us who our enemy is–the Devil. The world tells us (1) to conform and (2) that sin won't hurt us. as the model of one who maintained a triumphant attitude in the midst of The Greek word translated as "deeply," "earnestly," or "fervently" is ektenē, used to describe the muscles of an athlete straining to win a race. 1 Peter also answers other important practical questions the leader among Christ’s apostles. In 4:19 Peter urges that there is no ultimate escape in apostasy, and Christians should see suffering as a means used by God to bring them to fuller holiness. Looking at these scriptures in the light of I Peter 5:6-8, and understanding that Peter is writing with his thoughts on Satan in the background, our feelings are especially vulnerable because it is natural for us to feel that we are being taken advantage of or not being treated as we should be, and our emotions begin to run wild. It is a disgrace to suffer as a murderer, thief, or a busybody, but it is a privilege to suffer as a Christian. The context is the key to determining the correct understanding of this passage, especially the comparison of a thousand years to one day. letter teaches, for example, that Christ is the Stone rejected by the builder and secretaries often could aid with syntax and grammar. Appeals and promises to the persecuted, An appeal for commitment to meet suffering righteously (3:13-17), A promise derived from Christ’s exaltation (3:18-22), An appeal to live in the will of God, not in the lusts of men (4:1-6), Some promises and appeals because of Christ’s return (4:7-11), Some appeals for suffering righteously (4:12-19), Third preaching section (5:1-9). The description of God as the God of all grace suggests that his gifts and provisions are adequate for every occasion. language in Palestine. In the first place, that Peter was Third, “Babylon” is an alias for Rome; perhaps even a code word The “amazement” or “fear” of 3:6 is that inspired in the wife by a husband displeased with the new faith of his wife. An watch unto prayer. impacted the Christians, who Peter call “aliens”. it was his first inspired letter. world will treat them unjustly. The opening verse of the epistle claims it was written by Peter, who was clearly Peter, before the baptism of the Holy Ghost denied Jesus as the Christ 3 times. In addition to these internal Just as Noah and his family of eight persons were delivered from the flood, even so will Christians be delivered from the coming judgment. A drunken person has neither a clear mind nor any control over motor activities. It is that they might live pure lives free to do the will of God instead of being bound to the lusts of men. To sobriety and watchfulness: ldblquote Be you therefore sober, 1 Peter 4:7. The full commitment to the will of God as seen in Christ provides a basis for an appeal to live in the will of God (4:1-6). To prevent readers then and now from thinking that he attributed some magical power to baptism, Peter quickly states that the experience of salvation is only realized among those who brought faith and repentance to baptism. Such love manifests itself in unlimited sacrifice for others. 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God’s elect, exiles scattered throughout the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, 2 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance. He was the spokesman for the 12, lesson 11 - victory and service (1 peter 4:1-11) introduction: this week our lesson covers 1 peter 4:1-11. last week our text finished up with 1 peter 3:18-22. we did not have time to discuss it--and we will not discuss it today, but it sets the basis for the beginning of our study today, so lets look at it. The death of Christ occurred in the realm of the flesh, the earthly. In a time when traveling Christians had few roadside locations for lodging, hospitality among Christians was a necessity (4:9). He is His use of this analogy here may well reflect John 13 where Christ, about to wash the feet of his disciples, tied a towel about his waist as he performed this humble duty. . sufferings of Christ (5:1; compare 3:18; 4:1). The kiss of love in 5:14 was an outward sign of unity and love. word, Babylon”, which aptly fit because of the city’s idolatry (compare Rev. Elders should be faithful shepherds. the same time. * Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever – Matthew 8:14,15. 1 Peter 4:1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, (NASB: Lockman) The incident concerning Sara appears in Gen. 18:12 and shows her in a submissive deference to Abraham by her use of the term “lord” for him. Although the end is near, Christians are not to abandon the ordinary duties of life but are to maintain discipline. Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. The believer's approach to Christ, 1 Peter 2:4 b. Be sober “Sober” literally signifies to abstain from wine. fisherman, as well. Peter promises the Spirit of Christ to Christians in persecution (see John 14:26). Only in Christianity can one find a God who has an active concern for mankind. this letter, thus he had written this epistle near the end of his life, probably Peter may also be emphasizing that love for others is an evidence that one is open to repentance and can thus receive mercy from God. A submissive attitude by the wife toward the husband could win the husband when speaking a word would not avail. The 1 Peter 1:13, 1 Peter 5:8. (1) A call to elders. But even if this happens, we should be glad. He is anxious that they respond in a righteous manner to those who had caused their suffering (3:13-17), and he presents the example of Christ’s ultimate vindication even though he suffered (3:18-22). Peter was actually two men. See 1 Peter 4:8 (printed below) Above all else, maintain a fervent love for each other, because love covers a multitude of sins. Peter’s statement in 4:6 provides a reason for the utterance in 4:5 that Christ will judge all men. The very nature of God is love (1 Jn 4:8), for God loves us with an everlasting, unconditional love. blessings bestowed on Christians. Bkmrk. 4:8). In 4:15, 16 Christians are urged not to bring disgrace on themselves by evildoing or by indiscreet action. Each section contains a How should a Christian lady In 5:1-4 Peter outlines the responsibility of elders and assures them of God’s rewards for faithful service. Jesus is the choice and precious capstone, exalted as the pinnacle of the spiritual house. already hated because they were associated with Jews, and because they were seen They are to function with the right motive, not that of material gain, but with the sheer delight which comes from enthusiasm. Love is our priority: it is “above all things” or, more literally, “before all things” ( pro pantōn) (1 Pet. [63]Kelly, p. 154. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_63").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_63", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); Allusion to this Old Testament incident is also made in II Pet. His suffering was mediatorial in that he brought man to God. Peter was called to follow Christ in His early ministry 6 For in Scripture it says: 1. The term hades is sometimes translated as hell in the King James Version (see Acts 2:31), but it means more properly “the realm of the dead.” These spirits to whom Jesus preached were living in the realm of the dead in the underworld, and it was there that Christ visited. The elders who are among you I exhort, I who am a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that will be revealed: Peter writes that Christians should do this "above all." its intended readers. Andrew, Peter’s brother, brought him … Peter was married and had a home in Capernaum. In 4:1-6 Peter issues a further call to holy living. 1:8, 9). 1 Peter 5 – For Shepherds and Sheep A. It is not possible to determine the exact nature of the accusations here. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); authorship arises from the rather classical style of Greek employed in the Christ made a triumphant announcement that the power of these disobedient creatures had been broken. Just as God had been patient to no avail with wicked ones in Noah’s time, he had similarly been patient with the opponents of the readers, also without any response. [52]Ibid., p. 132. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_52").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_52", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); A command for the husband is given in 3:7. Just as the flood speaks of a judgment from which those in the ark were saved, so the waters of Christian baptism speaks of a death which Christ suffered for sinners. (1) A call to elders. The one who performs a ministry of kindness is to do it without any conceit in personal powers or abilities so that God may be glorified. Commentary on 1 Peter 2:1-10 (Read 1 Peter 2:1-10) Evil-speaking is a sign of malice and guile in the heart; and hinders our profiting by the word of God. If 1 Peter was written later still, as many Bible scholars suggest, then the Temple would have already been destroyed at the time of writing, and the words in 1 Peter 2:4-10 would have had even greater significance to the original recipients. (Mark 1:16-17), and was later appointed to apostleship (Matt. Jesus told His disciples, “A new command I give you: Love one another. In times of persecution, writers exercised unusual care not to endanger In 1:5 Peter sees faith as the garrison which keeps the soul safe until the Lord comes and raises the siege. Peter's first command in this passage was to keep our minds clear and alert so we can pray. This is not to be defined as subordination, but it does call for a proper respect to the wife.[53]Ibid. Her conversion would produce greater family strain than the conversion of the husband. God is to be praised in that the service of human beings is seen as the overflowing of God’s goodness and kindness. She is to submit to him (same verb root as in 2:13, 18) by giving to him a final responsibility for decision concerning major goals and aims of the household. Answer: “But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day” (2 Peter 3:8). evidences, it is noteworthy that the early Christians universally recognized restoration. Since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind: The commitment God calls us to have is nothing greater than the commitment Jesus had in enduring suffering for our salvation. Christians are to be like-minded, sharing together in feelings of sorrow and joy. The reference in 5:13 to “she who is in Babylon” has been seen by some as a reference to Peter’s wife. power of holy lives. the church to be persecuted, so he may have hidden its location under the code The term “by water” has both a local and an instrumental sense. All believers are a part of this house, being integrated as living stones. 1 Peter 5 – For Shepherds and Sheep A. [77]Ibid., p. 167. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_77").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_77", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); In order to drive home his points about pastoral insight, Peter mentions that he is a fellow-elder. Detractors were spitefully abusing the behavior of the Christians, and Peter wants his readers to silence these accusations by good conduct. Baptism does not save merely by removing the outward filth from the body, but it saves because it was an evidence of inner faith and repentance by the believer. The “last time” is a reference either to the age of the church’s ministry or to that part of the church age which lies nearest to the time of Christ’s return. They are also to have a mutual brotherly love and to be tenderhearted. In 4:12 the term “trial by fire” describes a process used in the testing of metals,[75]Kelly, p. 184. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_75").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_75", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); and Christians are urged not to be astonished by its strangeness or unexpectedness. He did not want the letter to be found and like his Lord. In this sense love offers forgiveness to the one who offends or sins. 16:20. sense, went down with the city. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? Peter is more probably suggesting that nothing can actually harm the one who follows the good. 25 - Fall 1982, Salutation (1:1-2). Silvanus was likely the messenger designated to take this letter to * Peter had been a fisherman before being called to be an apostle; but Jesus called Peter, along with his brother Andrew and his partners James and John, to become “fishers of men” – Luke 5:1-11; Matthew 4:18-22. To download full issues and find more information on the Southwestern Journal of Theology, go to swbts.edu/journal. Peter using his spiritual gifts. Third Teaching Section (3:13-4:19) In Romans 12:3 St. Paul plays on the meaning of the component parts of -, cf. The person who speaks is to speak in the recognition that he is a personal representative of God. Peter, before the baptism of the Holy Ghost denied Jesus as the Christ 3 times. The crown refers to a wreath given to a victor in athletic contests. As an apostle Peter had been an observer of the sufferings of Christ on earth and also had seen some measure of the glory which Jesus was to receive (see Mark 9:2-10). The chief purpose in calling for submission here is to win the mate, an unsaved husband, to the Christian faith. First, a To bless another is to invoke the graciousness of God on a person. Subscribe | RSS | Privacy Disclaimer. to build. The first category is positive and includes a long list of 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side. In 4:4 the former companions in evil of Peter’s Christian readers now reviled the Christians for their well-doing. 3:14-16). The New Testament uses “sober” metaphorically of spiritual alertness or watchfulness (1 Thessalonians 5:6, 8; 2 Timothy 4:5; 1 Peter 1:13; 4:7). [⇑ See verse text ⇑] For the second time in this letter (1 Peter 1:22), Peter commands Christians to work hard at loving each other. Praises to God and Greetings from the Church. above.—, corresponds to (1 Peter 4:3); cf. articulating their thoughts and questions as well as his own. The method and nature of salvation, A salvation based on the hope inspired by Christ’s resurrection   (1:3-5), A salvation secured through a faith deepened in trial (1:6-9), A salvation reported by the prophets who described its grace and glory (1:10-12), First preaching section (1:13-2:3). Peter also wants his readers to understand the *gra… Our new birth through the seed of the Trinity described, first Teaching section ( ). The death of this epistle is: how are Christians ( 1 Peter 1:3b c. nature! 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